‌تبیبن جهت‌گیری نسبت به تغییر در مدارس بر اساس نقش بدبینی سازمانی و سبک رهبری

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی (کیفی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار مدیریت آموزشی- دانشگاه خوارزمی- تهران -ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی -دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران - ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف بررسی مدل ساختاری و روابط علّی بین سبک رهبری، بدبینی سازمانی و جهت‌گیری نسبت به تغییر انجام شده است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش 460 نفر از معلمان مقطع ابتدایی شهر گناباد، در سال تحصیلی 94-1393 بودند که از بین آنان 210 نفر به صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌های «بدبینی سازمانی»، ‌«جهت‌گیری نسبت به تغییر» و «سبک رهبری» جمع‌آوری و فرضیه‌ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی و معادلات ساختاری آزمون شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین بدبینی سازمانی و جهت‌گیری نسبت به تغییر، همبستگی نسبتاً بالا اما منفی وجود دارد. نتایج مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که بدبینی سازمانی بر جهت‌گیری معلمان به سمت تغییر اثر منفی دارد؛ اما سبک رهبری بر بدبینی سازمانی و تمایل به تغییر معلمان، اثر معناداری ندارد. مدل علّی طراحی‌شده در پژوهش براساس الگوی معادلات ساختاری برازش شد. نتایج نشان داد این مدل دارای برازش بسیار خوبی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Explanation of Orientation to Change In Schools Based On Organizational Cynicism and Leadership Style

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bizhan Abdollahi 1
  • Majid Alijanyan Nodepashangi 2
1 Associate Professor of Educational Administration- University of Khwarizmi - Tehran- Iran
2 PhD student in Educational Administration University of kharazmi - Tehran- Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to investigate the structural model and causal relationship between leadership styles, organizational cynicism and orientation towards change among elementary school teachers. The statistical population of the study was elementary school teachers in Gonabad City in the academic year of 1393-94, out of which, 210 individuals were selected through simple random sampling method. The data were collected using “Change Orientation Scale”, “Organizational Cynicism” and “Leadership Style questionnaires”. Then the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient, regression analysis and the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The findings showed that there was a rather negative strong correlation between teachers' orientation toward change and organizational cynicism. The results of structural equation modeling showed that organizational cynicism had a negative effect on teachers' orientation toward change. But leadership style had no significant effect on organizational cynicism and teachers' orientation toward change. Finally the results showed that, this models has a very good fit.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Cynicism- Orientation toward Change- Leadership Style
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