عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of quality of work life on the psychological well-being of school principals in Khorramabad city by mediation of management counseling. The research method is descriptive correlational.
The statistical population of this study included all school principals in Khorramabad city in the academic year of 96-97, which number was 347, Regarding the type of research and the number of variables studied, the population under study, according to the sample of Karjetsi and Morgan sample tables, was 181 school principals (elementary school: 76, first high school, 37, and 68 secondary school) in Khorramabad city by sampling method.
Stratified randomized ones were selected. Measurement tools in this research are: a) Reef Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire (1995) consisting of 54 items that the reliability of this questionnaire is α = ./82. B) The Quality of Work Life Questionnaire (Walton, 1973) consisting of 32 items And the reliability of this questionnaire is α =./ 91. C) A researcher-made management consulting questionnaire consisting of 29 items whose validity was confirmed by the content validity and also its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient of ./ 95.
Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression. The total number of participants in the study was 181, of which %45.3 were male and% 54/7 were female. The mean age of the subjects was 11.44 and 48.4 ± SD respectively. In terms of education, %6 had a diploma, 6% had a college degree, %72. 4 had undergraduate degrees,% 24.9 had graduated and %1.7 Carrying a doctoral degree,% 48.6 of respondents were in district one and %51.4 in district two,% 42 of respondents were in the primary school,% 20.4 in the first grade and 37.6 in junior high school, and the average management experience Among the samples, 10/88 years were estimated. The assumption of normalization is a prominent indicator before applying parametric tests such as coefficient Pearson Correlation, Path Analysis and Regression Analysis by Kolmogorov - Smirnov Test α =. / 05 To make .Therefore, because the significance level obtained for all variables is higher than α =. / 05, all variables are normal. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between all dimensions of the quality of work life variable with the dimensions of the psychological well-being variable. Also, between the variables themselves are the quality of working life. And the psychological well-being variable had a positive and significant relationship of ./69.
There is evidence that the higher the quality of work life, the higher the psychological well-being of individuals. Also, based on the correlation coefficients obtained in the correlation matrix, there was a significant relationship between the dimensions of the management consulting variable and the dimensions of the psychological well-being variable.Morever there is a variable between management consultancy and More over psychological well-being variable has a positive and significant relationship with the amount of ./52 that indicates that Management consulting has a direct, positive and significant relationship with psychological well-being of individuals. Based on the obtained results, each of the components of the quality of working life,i.e. fair payment, safe working conditions, capacity development, Social integration, security and continuous growth, the overall atmosphere of life, legal regulation in the organization and social affiliation have an effect (./24), (./21), (./15), (./18), (./18.), (./13), (12/0) and (./20) on the quality of work life of individuals.
Also, the components of psychological well-being, namely self-acceptance, positive relationships, autonomy, environmental domination, purposeful life, and individual growth, respectively, have an effect on (./19), (./19), (./20) (./16), (./22) and (./17), and the variable components of managerial counseling, namely, educational program, human resources, learners' affairs, school and community relations, administrative and financial affairs, and equipment and facilities respectively The effect is on the rate (./31), (./42), (./30), (./17), (./23), and (./10).
The results also showed that standard t values for the impact of quality work life components such as fair pay, safe working conditions, capacity development, social integrity, sustainability and continuity, overall living space, legal regulation in organization and social dependence on this variable were respectively equal to (57/7), (46/5), (30/2), (33/2), (42/5), (18/7), (19/3) and. (36/3 ) And the standard t values for psychological well-being components, namely self-acceptance, positive relationships, autonomy, environmental domination, purposeful life, and individual growth are respectively (7.9), (7.6), (9.7), (6.3), (9.4) and (8.6), and the standard t values for variable components of management counseling, namely, educational program, human resources, learners' affairs, school and community relations, administrative affairs and financial equipment and facilities were respectively (14/1), (15/9), (11/6), (6/34), (8/46) and (4/62) respectively.
Based on the obtained results, the coefficient of influence obtained on the quality of working life on the psychological well - being (./69) at the alpha level is α =. / 01 and with the standard t standard (12.7) is significant (sig & lt ; / 01). Therefore, with %99 confidence, it can be said that the quality of work life of individuals has a direct effect on their psychological well-being. Also, the coefficient of effect of the quality of work life on managerial counseling (./51) is significant at α =. / 05 level with the standard t standard (7.9) (sig & lt; / ./ 01). Therefore, with %99 confidence, we can say that the quality of work life has a direct and significant effect on managerial counseling.
In addition, the effect of managerial counseling on psychological well-being is equal to (./52) at the alpha level of α =. / 01 and with the standard t standard (8.2) is significant (sig & lt; / 01). Therefore, with% 99confidence, it can be said that management consulting has a direct direct effect on managerial counseling. Investigating the indirect effect of quality of work life on psychosocial bias with the role of mediation. Management advice The results of the multiplication of the effect of quality of work life on managerial counseling (./51) in the coefficient of management counseling on psychological well-being (./52) is 26.5 Which is a significant coefficient and the effect of quality of working life on psychological well-being
Equal to (./67) increase to (./27). Hence, the role of mediation in managerial counseling in relationships and its impact on the quality of work life and psychological well-being is confirmed. Considering these results, it is recommended This importaint point in to account.