طراحی الگوی توسعه و نگهداشت استعداد در آموزش و پرورش: پژوهشی کیفی

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی (کیفی)

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه تهران- ریاست دانشگاه فرهنگیان

2 دکترای تخصی مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران

3 مربی، گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران: ایران.

چکیده

با توجه به چالش‌های مدیریت منابع انسانی سازمان‌ها به‌خصوص در آموزش‌و پرورش در زمینه توسعه و نگهداشت استعدادها، در این راستا الگوی مدیریت استعداد با تاکید بر توسعه و نگهداشت، به‌عنوان یک راهکار و راهنما جهت نگهداشت استعدادها و توسعه اثربخش شایستگی‌ها طراحی شده است. برای انجام پژوهش از رویکرد کیفی از نوع پدیدارشناسی و با روش گرانددتئوری استفاده گردید. جامعه پژوهش، کلیه صاحب‌نظران، اساتید و مدیران ارشد حوزه منابع انسانی در آموزش‌وپرورش بود که با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند- نظری مبتنی بر گلوله برفی با 22 نفر از صاحب‌نظران مصاحبه شد. ابزار پژوهش مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل یافته‌های کیفی از روش کدگذاری استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد "توسعه و نگهداشت استعداد" به عنوان مقوله محوری، "عوامل سازمانی، عوامل شغلی، یادگیری سازمانی و منابع" به عنوان عوامل علی، "سیستم مدیریت استعداد، پژوهش‌گرایی و دانش‌گرایی، جانشین‌پروری و ارزیابی عملکرد شایسته‌محور " به عنوان راهبردها، مقوله‌های " نگاه و نگرش به مدیریت استعداد، و استراتژی‌های مدیریت منابع انسانی" به عنوان بستر، "ساختار و فرهنگ سازمانی، و بلوغ سازمانی" به عنوان شرایط مداخله‌گر و پیامدهای فردی و سازمانی در الگوی پارادایمی مدیریت استعداد در راستای توسعه و نگهداشت استعدادها در آموزش‌و‌پرورش مطرح شده است. تفکر مدیریت، توسعه و نگهداشت استعدادها در سازمان آموزش‌وپرورش که با شایستگی‌های اصولی مدیران گزینش، انتخاب، انتصاب و ارتقا می‌یابند و به جانشین‌پروی استعدادها در آینده کمک می‌نماید از ضروریات نظام آموزشی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a model for developing and maintaining talent in the organization: Qualitative research in education

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein khanifar 1
  • Salahedin Ebrahimi 2
  • Bahman Gholami 3
1 Professor of Tehran University - President of Farhangian University
2 f PhD in educational administration , University of Tehran
3 Instructor, Management Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran: Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the challenges of human resource management of organizations, especially in education and training is developing and maintaining talents. In this regard, the model of talent management in the organization with an emphasis on development and maintenance in education, has been designed as a strategy and guide to maintain talent and develop competencies effectively. In this study, the qualitative approach of phenomenology was used by Granded theory method. The research community included all experts, professors and senior managers in the field of human resources in education that the interview with 22 experts was conducted by using targeted snowball-based sampling. The research tools was a semi-structured interview. Coding method was used to analyze qualitative findings. The research results showed that "development and maintenance the talent" as the central category, "organizational factors, job factors, organizational learning and resources" as causal factors, "talent management system, research and knowledge orientation, succession and merit-based performance appraisal" as strategies, the categories of "look and attitude to talent management, and human resource management strategies" as context, "organizational structure and culture, and organizational maturity" as intervening conditions and individual and organizational consequences has been proposed in the paradigm model of talent management in line of the develop and maintain the talents in education.
Education is a social institution with many individual, cultural and economic effects. One of the main factors in the growth and development of societies is education that has appropriate goals and achieves its goals. To achieve these goals and move in this direction, talented managers and employees play a decisive role. Unfortunately, despite many changes and developments, in recent years not only the efficiency and effectiveness of the education system has not increased, but also the growth of managers and employees based on their specialized abilities, capabilities and meritocracy, and this can be done in Develop talent development and disruption; Therefore, according to these points, the existence of evaluation centers in the educational organization that selects, selects, appoints and promotes principals with basic competencies is one of the necessities of the country's educational system. The need to institutionalize talent management is one of the main requirements for talent management in education. Getting used to the existing structures and procedures makes it difficult to create new structures. Managers of educational organizations need to know that a reality called the organization and the day-to-day running of its activities are built collectively. One of the reasons for the stability and permanence of administrative and organizational structures is that these concepts have penetrated and institutionalized in the language and speech of the members of the organization and in their behavior and speech. And in order to institutionalize the talent management system, such a system must become normalized, meaningful, and, over time, gain identity and legitimacy in the organization.
If educators choose talented managers with the attitude of talent management and using the competencies of the center to evaluate managers, by raising the morale of employees and motivating them to work and be active in them, they will be able to achieve the organization's goals by spending less resources and better quality. Increase. Today, improper and tasteful management, along with a lack of experience and a lack of scientific competence in management, has created problems for educational systems. Unfortunately, despite many changes and developments, in recent years, not only the efficiency and effectiveness of management systems has not increased, but also the growth of managers based on specialized capabilities, capabilities, logic of the hierarchy and in other words, according to their competence. This can interfere with managerial creativity. Therefore, according to these points, the attitude of management and development and maintenance of talents in the educational organization, which are selected, selected, appointed and promoted with the basic competencies of principals and helps to develop talents in the future, is one of the necessities of the educational system.
Expanding the language of talent management in education and training strengthens the legitimacy of the talent management system. Talent management system will be successful in practice when it has legitimacy in the organization and is agreed upon by the members of the organization or at least influential and key people. Legitimacy will allow the talent management system as the second core to breathe alongside the first core, the current human resource system. Legitimacy is a situation that is considered appropriate, desirable, and lasting. Every new phenomenon that arises requires legitimacy. New institutions must be established to be legitimate in the face of established institutions. As old norms, practices, and structures fail and new ones become justifiable, they become more widespread, more legitimate, and institutionalized. Addressing the important issue of institutionalization of talent management and succession management systems through the dissemination of talent management language in education can be effective in solving the challenges of establishing a succession management system; At the same time, it sends a message to educators that developing and maintaining talents is a prerequisite for managing succession management, and a sufficient condition is the implementation and establishment of such a system in the organization.
Focusing the talent management model on the development and maintenance of key human resources (talents) can play an important role in the success of the training strategy of the training organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • human resources
  • talent management
  • Talent development
  • Talent Maintenance
  • Education