رابطه ویژگی های شخصیتی کارآفرینانه با تمایل به کارآفرینی در مدیران مدرسه ابتدایی

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی (کمی)

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت تحول، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دولتی و عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت فرهنگی و عضو هیأت علمی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

در دنیای درحال تحول امروز، کامیابی از آن جوامع و سازمان هایی است که بین منابع کمیاب، قابلیتهای مدیریتی و کارآفرینی منابع انسانی خود رابطه معنی داری برقرار کنند. به همین منظور تحقیق حاضر با هدف تعیین رابطه ویژگی های شخصیتی کارآفرینانه با تمایل به کارآفرینی در مدیران مدرسه ابتدایی انجام شد. روش تحقیق، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی و جامعه آماری آن کلیه مدیران مدرسه ابتدایی شهر اصفهان در سال 98-1397 به تعداد 180 نفر بود. برای جمع آوری داده ها از پرسشنامه پرسشنامه ویژگی های شخصیتی کارآفرینانه "کردنائیج و همکاران" و پرسشنامه تمایل به کارآفرینی "لامپکین و دس" استفاده شد. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه ها توسط استاد راهنما و چند نفر از صاحبنظران موضوعی و روایی صوری نیز توسط چند تن از افراد جامعه آماری تایید شد. همچنین پایایی پرسشنامه ها با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامه ویژگی های شخصیتی کارآفرینانه 857/0، پرسشنامه تمایل به کارآفرینی 802/0 محاسبه شد. نتایج نشان داد بین ویژگی های شخصیتی کارآفرینانه با تمایل به کارآفرینی در مدیران مدرسه ابتدایی رابطه وجود دارد و همچنین رابطه ریسک پذیری متعادل، کانون کنترل درونی، نیاز به موفقیت، سلامت فکری، عملگرایی، تحمل ابهام، رویا پردازی و چالش طلبی با تمایل به کار آفرینی مثبت و معنادار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Entrepreneurship Personality with Tendency to Entrepreneurship among Elementary School Managers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khatereh Taghipour 1
  • Akbar Etebarian Khorasgani 2
  • faezeh taghipour 3
1 education esfahan iran
2 Associate Professor, Head of Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch(Khorasgan)
3 Member of the faculty of cultural management islamic azad university isfahan(khorasgan)branch
چکیده [English]

Now a day's entrepreneurship considered as a one of the development tools. Because existence of entrepreneurial persons creates a success platform. Organizations that wants to do organizational entrepreneurship successfully needs entrepreneurial orientation. Entrepreneurial orientation could be about strategic approach and managers methods in business activities, or adoption and presentation of new plans in one complex. Also, entrepreneurial orientation is a strategic advantage that has been explored in opportunities investigation of one complex, and organized this things in order to used opportunities. Entrepreneurial tendencies known as a best indicators for programmed behavior. On the other hand in today's world success is for community and organizations that create significant relationship between scarce resources, management capabilities and human resource entrepreneurship. For this reasons present study was conducted by the objective to determine relationship between Entrepreneurship personality with tendency to be Entrepreneurship among elementary school managers. Case study in this research are elementary school managers, because entrepreneurship in education is a regular and continuous process, that in one hand leads to identification and effective  utilization of all external and internal resources of educational system and in the other hand caused new opportunities for teaching and learning. The role of managers is also important and sensitive in complex in which entrepreneurship is one of the necessary and essential factors because managers could create, promote, and encourage ability and entrepreneurship talent in persons or his behavior or performance could prevent this critical issue. Managers are the most important factors of change and progress in school, therefore manager's personality and behaviors had a great impact on school staff and educational goals achievement.  School managers must by improvement of educational environment and creating desirable organizational system in school create appropriate opportunity to increase entrepreneurship spirit for teachers and students, until through this way entrepreneurial spirit and entrepreneurial behavior dominate the entire society, and country move towards development and progress. Research method was descriptive-correlational and its statistical population were all the elementary school managers in Isfahan during 2018-2019, which were 180 individuals. For data collection were used the Entrepreneurial Personality Characteristics Questionnaire (Kordnaichi and et.al) and Lumpkinds Entrepreneurial tendency questionnaire. Questionnaire's content validity were confirmed by supervisor and some subjective writers and formal validity were confirmed by some individuals in statistical population. Also questionnaires reliability by using Cronbach's alpha for the entrepreneurship personality characteristics questionnaire was calculated 0.857 and for entrepreneurship tendency questionnaire was calculated  0.802. To investigate the research hypotheses, descriptive and inferential statistics including Pearson's Correlation Coefficient was used for SPSS software. The results of the study showed that entrepreneurial personality characteristics are related to entrepreneurial tendency in primary school administrators (r=0.885), as well as the relationship between risk-based balance with managers' willingness to entrepreneurship (r=0.760), internal control center with entrepreneurial inclination (r=0.877), the need for success with an entrepreneurial tendency (r=0.908), intellectual fluctuation with an entrepreneurial tendency (r=0.885), pragmatism with an entrepreneurial tendency (r=0.685), tolerance of ambiguity with a tendency to Entrepreneurship (r=0.702) with a desire to entrepreneurship (r=0.667). The results showed that there were a relationship between entrepreneurial personality characteristic with tendency to entrepreneurial in elementary school managers. And also moderate risk appetite relationship, internal control focus, needs to success, mental health, pragmatism, ambiguity tolerance, dreaming and challenging with tendency to entrepreneurship were positive and significant. In the interpretation and explanation of this subject, it should be noted that tendency to entrepreneurship refer to amount of motivation and potential desire of human resource  organization for carry out entrepreneurial activities and amount of their ability and knowledge to have this type of responsibility. It's obvious that every one according to his personal characteristics has the level of ability and necessary knowledge to take this type of responsibility, in a way that according to research results it could said that each Entrepreneurship school manager had unique personal characteristics, but in general significant points exist in personality of all entrepreneurs that caused to improve his tendency to entrepreneurs behaviors. Also, many entrepreneurs hate working for others and therefore work for themselves. They are their own director and they accept the results of their decisions, and this characteristic refer to entrepreneur’s autonomy and caused mangers tendency to do new jobs (entrepreneurship). Of course it should be considered that, in school management autonomy doesn't have sense and manager should dynamically and creatively interact with all teachers, assistants and other full-time and part-time executive forces. Entrepreneur managers are people who decide on uncertainty situations, for this reasons they should be risk appetite and they must realize that risk appetite and its tendency should help to improve all participated people in school. Elementary school managers choose logical, appropriate, and at the same time challenging risk with fair and acceptable chance, so it's clear that a managers who accept chance more easily had more ability and knowledge to take new responsibilities and entrepreneurship, also each entrepreneurial school managers authentic his work competence.  They personally solve problems that happened during construction of new school or revival of an old school that is needed and honesty working for successful performance of whole project in subjective school and therefore they are challenging and they love to do new work, also flexibility of such managers is high in relationships and job decisions. Most of the successful entrepreneurial managers measures positive and negative aspect of one decision and based on the situation change it. They have a good mental analysis ability. Entrepreneurs are not influenced by their personal hardships so that they have entrepreneurship ability and tendency to new plan, finally it should be mentioned that they are logical and realistic in their theory so that they keep themselves away from prejudices, and in activities if they need helps used experts not friends and family.  So that such managers avoid emotional look to school problems and issues and could do new works and accept new responsibilities, so that it could claim that there were a positive and significant relationship between entrepreneurial personality characteristic with  tendency to entrepreneurship among elementary school managers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial Personality Characteristic
  • Tendency to Entrepreneurship
  • Challenging
  • Moderate Risk Appetite
  • Elementary School Managers
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