تأثیر صلاحیت‌های مربی‌گری مدیران بر مدیریت مشارکتی مدارس

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی (کمی)

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران

2 مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

3 گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران

4 مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت، پردیس فارابی، قم، ایران

چکیده

روش اجرای این پژوهش توصیفی (غیرآزمایشی) و طرح پژوهش همبستگی از نوع تحلیل معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه آماری پژوهش کلیه معلمان مدارس شهرستان نهاوند (650 نفر) بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی 242 نفر از آنان به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه­های مدیریت مشارکتی و صلاحیت­های مربیگری پاسخ دادند. روایی پرسشنامه با استفاده ازنظر متخصصان و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و همچنین پایایی آن با استفاده از روش آلفای کرانباخ تائید شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل: جهت تحلیل داده‏ها از روش‏های تحلیل توصیفی، تحلیل همبستگی با نرم­افزار SPSS و تحلیل معادلات ساختاری با استفاده از نرم­افزار PLSاستفاده‌شده است نتایج نشان داد که تأثیر صلاحیت­های مربیگری بر مدیریت مشارکتی مثبت و معنادار است. تأثیر صلاحیت عمومی، صلاحت سازمانی، صلاحیت اجرایی و صلاحیت مهارتی بر مدیریت مشارکتی مثبت و معنادار است. برای الگوی آزمون شده فرضیه­های فرعی، شاخص برازش مطلق GOF، 63/0 به دست آمد که مقدار به‌دست‌آمده برای این شاخص برازش نشانگر برازش مناسب الگوی آزمون شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of managers coaching qualifications on participatory management of Nahavand schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nahid NaderiBoni 1
  • Layla Moradyani 2
  • Ghodratollah Bagheri 3
  • Salahedin Ebrahimi 4
1 Assistant Professor of Educational Management, Farabi Campus of Tehran University, Qom, Iran
2 Educational Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran.
3 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran
4 educational administration,Faculty of Management, Farabi Campus, Ghom. Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, in order to achieve the organization's progress in various aspects of the valid and successful participation of employees in decision making and organization’s affairs seems necessary. Which has led to increasing the productivity and competitive power in national and international arenas. The desirable solidification of participatory management has led to the development of individual staffing capacities, the creation of a sense of self-belief, accountability and commitment.The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of managers coaching qualifications on participatory management of Nahavand schools by the Structural equation analysis method. The statistical population of the study was all school teachers in Nahavand city (650 people) who were selected by random sampling method. A sample of 242 were selected as a sample and responded to a questionnaire consisting of participatory management and coaching qualifications measures. Validity of the questionnaire was verified by experts and confirmatory factor analysis as well as its reliability confirmed by using Cronbach's alpha method. The results showed that the effect of coaching qualifications on participatory management is positive and significant. 36 percent of the variance of participatory management is explained by the research model. The impact of general qualification, organizational qualification, executive qualification, and skillfulness qualification on participatory management is positive and significant. 40 percent of participatory management is explained by the research model (coaching qualification components). For the tested model of subsidiary hypothesis, the absolute fit index of GOF was 0.63. That the value obtained for this fit index is indicate the appropriate fitness the tested model.
Employees in education are under pressure in their work activities, which can be found in less professional backgrounds (Jarvis, 2002), which, coupled with personal, familial and social pressures, has created a sense of exhaustion in them and Leads to job absenteeism, frequent absences, job switching, job insecurity, job insecurity and unemployment (Mirkamali and Gholamzadeh, 2012), and given the pyramid structure of the education organization and the characteristics of today's organizations And the teacher's job of achieving collaborative management is often inevitable, in addition to the positive psychological, physiological and psychosocial effects that it has. It also affects students and the educational system. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of managerial competency competencies on participatory management of schools in Nahavand. The results showed that the impact of coaching competencies on participatory management is positive and significant. And 36% of the variance of participatory management are explained by the research model.
The research hypothesis was:
1-     "The general competencies of coaching managers on the participatory management of schools in the city of Nahavand has an impact".
2-       "Organizational competencies of coaching managers have a significant impact on the participatory management of the schools in the city of Nahavand".
3-      "The executive competencies of coaching managers on participatory management of the schools in the city of Nahavand have a significant impact".
4-      "Competency competencies of coaching managers have a significant effect on participatory management of schools in the city of Nahavand".
All of them were approved.
The results of this study, the weakness and inability of managers without mastering coaching competences and vice versa, have made school administrators' success in curiosity, free association, description and development of thoughts and imaginations, critique of others' thoughts, support for others' thoughts and the growth of creative talents with their domination. Shows the coaching qualifications.
In general, the present research provides an important contribution to understanding the role of coaching competencies in employee participatory management and has important implications. Employees are the most important factor in determining the quality of education that students receive, and managers and policy makers are responsible for employee and teacher involvement in decision making. The success of teachers, students, schools, community and, ultimately, the country's comprehensive development, satisfaction and job motivation of education staff is very important. Based on the importance of teacher education and its impact on the comprehensive development of today's children and tomorrow's future makers and considering the role of motivation in every job, especially in education jobs, it seems necessary to identify the decreasing factors of employee motivation and seek to Removing barriers. The education and the total staff of its members play a very important role in the development and development of each country and in the education and upbringing of its future. To create the ideal cultural conditions in which the field of thought and research is provided and the teaching and learning process is desirable, requires that the employees have a strong and spirited spirit and at least have difficulties and difficulties in the career and social life Have. Today, in order to achieve the increasing progress of organizations, various aspects of employee participation and participation in decision making and affairs of organization seems necessary, which has increased productivity and competitive ability in the national and international arenas. It has been shown by many. From the researches, the success of most organizations is due to the proper use of this management style. The desirable establishment of participatory governance has led to the development of individual staffing capacity, self-esteem, accountability and commitment. Therefore, the education organization and school administrators should adopt strategies for the participation of staff and teachers and enhance managerial coaching competencies.
According to the results of the research, the executive suggestions can be summarized as follows:

Education should periodically evaluate the status of managerial coaching competencies and consider the causes, ways of coping and modifying this phenomenon;
Encourage managers to use coaching competencies in all areas of their activity.
Select people to manage school posts that have coaching skills and are interested in learning and using these competencies.
The education system will create the necessary reforms to establish participatory management and improve the coaching skills of school administrators.
 Provide and allocate necessary credits in the field of research, science, etc. to provide the ground for the establishment of participatory management.
Teachers will be trained in the establishment of participatory management and improvement of coaching competencies.
 Provide cultural backgrounds including specialized workshops, brochures and more to establish participatory management. In choosing a moderator, managers are selected to have a positive attitude toward participatory management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: participation
  • participatory management
  • coaching
  • coaching qualifications
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