بررسی وضعیت نیروی انسانی و فضای آموزشی مراکز پیش دبستانی

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی (کمی)

نویسندگان

1 هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهید چمران دانشکده علوم تربیتی

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

   پژوهش حاضر به صورت کمی و از نوع توصیفی- پیمایشی بود. جامعۀ آماری آن را کلیه  مربیان  و مراکز پیش دبستانی شهر اهواز در سال تحصیلی 98-97 تشکیل دادندکه به ترتیب 180 مربی و176 مرکز از طریق جدول کرجسی و مورگان با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای انتخاب شده اند. جهت گردآوری داده‎ها از پرسشنامه و چک لیست محقق ساخته استفاده گردید. روایی صوری و محتوایی پرسشنامه و چک لیست براساس نظرات صاحب نظران تأیید گردید و پایایی ابزارها از طریق آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامه نیروی انسانی 96/0 و چک لیست ارزیابی فضای فیزیکی مراکز 75/0 محاسبه گردید. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که میزان مطلوبیت نیروی انسانی (مربیان مراکز پیش دبستانی) بیش از سطح متوسط بوده است. همچنین، بررسی فضای آموزشی مراکز پیش دبستانی نشان داد که بیشترین مطلوبیت فضا و تجهیزات آموزشی مربوط به مکان نگهداری وسایل کودکان، نور و هوای کافی، وسایل ایمنی، اطفای حریق و کمک­های اولیه، طبقه­ی همکف بودن کلاس­ها، تجهیز مرکز به لوازم بهداشت عمومی و بهداشت فردی، میز و صندلی متناسب با سن کودکان و کمد یا قفسه­ی نگهداری وسایل و پوشه­های فعالیت آنها، وجود تابلوهای آموزشی، وسایل صوتی- تصویری، وسایل و لوازم مورد نیاز مفاهیم دینی، لوحه­های تصویری و آموزشی بوده و کمترین مطلوبیت فضا و تجهیزات آموزشی مربوط به استاندارد بودن فضای ساختمان و.... بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Human Resources and Educational Environment of Preschool Centers

نویسندگان [English]

  • HOJJATOLLAH DARAFSH 1
  • Ali Biremi 2
  • Ziba Ramezani 3
1 faculty member from Department of Education, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Master of Educational Research, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the staffing and educational environment of preschool centers. The research method was quantitative and descriptive-survey. Questionnaire and checklist made by researcher were used for data collection. To check the face and content validity of the research tool, a questionnaire and checklist were provided to the professors (guides and consultants) as well as to several instructors and specialists and after completing the corrections and eliminating overlapping items, The sample was run. Its reliability was calculated after Cronbach's alpha for the Human Resources Questionnaire (0.96) and the Checklist (0.75). The statistical population of this study consisted of all 193 centers of preschools in Ahwaz city and 180 teachers were selected through stratified random sampling method and 176 centers for preschool centers. The results showed that the competencies of the coaches were at a good level. Demonstrated in educational, artistic, child development and managerial, managerial, child health, social, ethical, behavioral, intellectual, communication and environmental culture competencies but in technology and professional development competencies. Not desirable. The desirability of educational qualifications, professional development in non-government schools was higher than that of government, and the desirability of technological competencies in public schools was better than non-government. Analyzes showed the most desirable space and educational equipment related to "places to store children, adequate light and air, safety equipment, fire extinguishers and aids, class floors, equipped with public health facilities, and Personal hygiene, children s desks and chairs, and wardrobes or shelves for activity supplies and folders, equipped with educational boards, audio, video, religious supplies, picture boards, and educational supplies. Minimum space requirements and training equipment related to standard building space, hall for group games in cold seasons, suitability for design Children, Good quality of space, Learning in non-classroom space, Outdoor activities for sports, Gardening, Animal care, Children play, Use of bright and washable colors in wall painting, Class fit With the number of children, the equipment needed to develop mental and physical skills.
Abstract
The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the staffing and educational environment of preschool centers. The research method was quantitative and descriptive-survey. Questionnaire and checklist made by researcher were used for data collection. To check the face and content validity of the research tool, a questionnaire and checklist were provided to the professors (guides and consultants) as well as to several instructors and specialists and after completing the corrections and eliminating overlapping items, The sample was run. Its reliability was calculated after Cronbach's alpha for the Human Resources Questionnaire (0.96) and the Checklist (0.75). The statistical population of this study consisted of all 193 centers of preschools in Ahwaz city and 180 teachers were selected through stratified random sampling method and 176 centers for preschool centers. The results showed that the competencies of the coaches were at a good level. Demonstrated in educational, artistic, child development and managerial, managerial, child health, social, ethical, behavioral, intellectual, communication and environmental culture competencies but in technology and professional development competencies. Not desirable. The desirability of educational qualifications, professional development in non-government schools was higher than that of government, and the desirability of technological competencies in public schools was better than non-government. Analyzes showed the most desirable space and educational equipment related to "places to store children, adequate light and air, safety equipment, fire extinguishers and aids, class floors, equipped with public health facilities, and Personal hygiene, childrens desks and chairs, and wardrobes or shelves for activity supplies and folders, equipped with educational boards, audio, video, religious supplies, picture boards, and educational supplies. Minimum space requirements and training equipment related to standard building space, hall for group games in cold seasons, suitability for design Children, Good quality of space, Learning in non-classroom space, Outdoor activities for sports, Gardening, Animal care, Children play, Use of bright and washable colors in wall painting, Class fit With the number of children, the equipment needed to develop mental and physical skills.
Abstract
The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the staffing and educational environment of preschool centers. The research method was quantitative and descriptive-survey. Questionnaire and checklist made by researcher were used for data collection. To check the face and content validity of the research tool, a questionnaire and checklist were provided to the professors (guides and consultants) as well as to several instructors and specialists and after completing the corrections and eliminating overlapping items, The sample was run. Its reliability was calculated after Cronbach's alpha for the Human Resources Questionnaire (0.96) and the Checklist (0.75). The statistical population of this study consisted of all 193 centers of preschools in Ahwaz city and 180 teachers were selected through stratified random sampling method and 176 centers for preschool centers. The results showed that the competencies of the coaches were at a good level. Demonstrated in educational, artistic, child development and managerial, managerial, child health, social, ethical, behavioral, intellectual, communication and environmental culture competencies but in technology and professional development competencies. Not desirable. The desirability of educational qualifications, professional development in non-government schools was higher than that of government, and the desirability of technological competencies in public schools was better than non-government. Analyzes showed the most desirable space and educational equipment related to "places to store children, adequate light and air, safety equipment, fire extinguishers and aids, class floors, equipped with public health facilities, and Personal hygiene, childrens desks and chairs, and wardrobes or shelves for activity supplies and folders, equipped with educational boards, audio, video, religious supplies, picture boards, and educational supplies. Minimum space requirements and training equipment related to standard building space, hall for group games in cold seasons, suitability for design Children, Good quality of space, Learning in non-classroom space, Outdoor activities for sports, Gardening, Animal care, Children play, Use of bright and washable colors in wall painting, Class fit With the number of children, the equipment needed to develop mental and physical skills. Animal care, Children play, Use of bright and washable colors in wall painting, Class fit With the number of children, the equipment needed to develop mental and physical skills.
A

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Preschool Centers
  • Education
  • Educational space
  • Kindergarten

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