Identification and Development of Criteria for the Appointment Schools Superintendents.

Document Type : Mixed Method Research Paper


1 faculty of education and psychology university of isfahan

2 Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran


This study aimed to identify and develop criteria for the appointment of heads and deputy-heads of school districts and regions, through an exploratory qualitative research method. Using chain-referral sampling (snowball sampling), a total of 14 experts were selected and interviewed from among a range of senior executives and experts in the field of Education Administration until theoretical saturation was reached. The data were collected via structured and in-depth interviews. The validity of interviews was verified by peer-review and expert judgment, and the reliability of the encodings was also evaluated using stability and repeatability indicators. The MAXQDA software and the inductive content analysis technique were utilized for data analysis. The results revealed that the criteria for the appointment of heads and deputy-heads in school districts and regions can be classified into three categories: individual (personal, personality), managerial (technical, human, perceptual, leadership) and organizational (by-laws and regulations, appointment process). In order to ensure competency-based recruitment in the high level-management of education departments, it is necessary to use the collective wisdom, avoid politicizing, and prevent the interference from outside the organization, in order to pave the way for the best and most qualified and competent people to be appointed in the managerial positions of education departments in different school districts and regions.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 22 June 2021
  • Receive Date: 19 February 2018
  • Accept Date: 04 February 2019