Document Type : Quantitative Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Dapartmant of management Lorestan University
Nowadays, human resources are considered to be the best competitive privilege of any organization in the world, and, thus, humans are gaining unprecedented significance in the organizational theory. Human resources can be a serious obstacle to the organization. Similarly, they can help organizations compete. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ethical environment on teachers' job accountability. An applied descriptive type of method was used. The participants of this study were 450 senior-high school teachers in Khorramabad, in the academic year of 2017-2018. 210 of them were selected randomly, using available sampling and Morgan Table. The data collection instruments were Victor and Cullen's (1987) Questionnaires with 26 questions, and Shawfli et al.’s (2003) Questionnaire containing 17 questions with Five-Likert Scale, with reliability coefficients of 0.841 and 0.846 respectively. Moreover, in this study, PLS software was used to test the hypotheses as well as the model. The findings showed that the organizational ethical environment (instrumental, attention, independence, organizational rules and regulations, professional rules and ethical codes) affects teachers' job affiliation. According to the research findings, school principals can affect the organizational behavior of the employees and increase their job affiliation by managing the ethical climate of the school.