Identifying the Development Indicators of Sports Education in Iranian Schools

Document Type : Mixed Method Research Paper


1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران.


Development has different dimensions compared to growth and is comprehensive. A developed society is a society that is developed in all fields, although societies may be in the process of development from different dimensions such as economic, scientific and educational, political, cultural, etc. Prioritize some dimension. Naturally, one of the important dimensions of development is the category of education. Physical Education is one of the educational courses in schools. In fact, one of the classrooms that students attend with motivation is the physical education classrooms. The role of physical education as one of the factors providing the physical and mental health of the student community It is obvious. Thus, a basic physical education program is able, while ensuring the physical and mental health of students, by creating favorable conditions for cultivating their potential talents, to lead to the development and dynamism of the country. Lack of development of primary school sports has closed the way for the development of public and championship sports, and by examining the obstacles, all officials and policy makers should try to remove them. However, so far no research has been conducted to identify the indicators of the development of sports education in schools. Therefore, the present study intends to identify the indicators of the development of sports education in Iranian schools. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the indicators of the development of sports education in Iranian schools.
This was done by conducting qualitative research of the grand theory type, the method of which is exploratory. In this study, through literature review and exploratory interviews to identify the indicators of development of sports education in Iranian schools from the method derived from data and in the method of grand theory (coding of analysis unit, categories and registration unit) analyzed. it placed. To conduct the field interview, the research participants include prominent professors in the field of sports management specializing in the field of school sports, as well as managers of the Physical Education Organization of the Ministry of Education. Was selected (12 interviews with 11 people and continued until theoretical saturation). The criterion for selecting the research samples was the level of expertise in school sports and the level of involvement in school sports decision-making. After analyzing the literature and to complete the indicators of development of sports education in Iranian schools, 11 participants were interviewed to complete the list of indicators of development of sports education in Iranian schools. One of the interviewees (first person interviewee) was interviewed twice because in the first interview, there were some issues from the interviewee's point of view that were tried to be corrected in the re-interview. Also, no new data was obtained from the eighth interview, but to be sure, it continued until the interview with the eleventh person. Before conducting the interview, along with the interview questions, a letter was sent signed by the researcher stating that he / she has a moral obligation to maintain the contents of the interview and the details of the participants and not to publish it. Also, with the knowledge of the participants, all interviews were recorded and reviewed to extract key points. After announcing the agreement, interviews were held with the focus on perception, perception and indicators to identify the indicators of the development of sports education in Iranian schools and the most important indicators. In the interviews, the respondents commented on the question of presenting a new component or index or approving the collected components and indicators. The validity of this study was reviewed and confirmed by the interviewees and then expert professors. Reliability was obtained by using the process study audit method of 70.3% results. For data analysis, continuous comparison method was used during the three stages of open, axial and selective coding. The results of the descriptive part related to the demographic characteristics of the study showed that 9.1% had less than 5 years, 36.4% had 6 to 10 years and 54.5% had more than 10 years. It was also found that 54.5% were university professors and 45.5% were the directors of physical education departments in the country. Finally, it was found that 18.2% were female and 81.8% were male. Data analysis showed that 27 concept codes and 5 main categories (sports facilities, sports teacher, finance, championship, sports centers), are the most important indicators of the development of sports education in Iranian schools. According to the results of the present study, it is suggested that schools use the indicators derived from this study in order to measure the development of their sports education so that they can have a correct evaluation of their performance. Modares Iran's sports facilities should be uniformly distributed in all regions of the country and the new places that are being built should have all the existing criteria and standards to ensure the safety and health of students in sports. In the cold regions of the country, indoor sports facilities should be built in schools. Use up-to-date, professional and ready sports teachers to teach physical education. New teachers entering education should have appropriate qualifications and up-to-date teachers who have already been employed in education, using their in-service training, skills and knowledge. To be. Ongoing evaluations of physical education teachers should be conducted throughout the year, and education directors should give special privileges to teachers who achieve the highest scores in this evaluation.


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Volume 8, Issue 2
May 2020
Pages 300-279
  • Receive Date: 07 January 2020
  • Revise Date: 12 May 2020
  • Accept Date: 14 June 2020
  • First Publish Date: 21 June 2020