Developing an Entrepreneurship Curriculum for Child Laborers at Schools

Document Type : Qualitative Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate of Curriculum Studies, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University. Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Curriculum Studies, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, PhD in Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Ph.D in Behavioral Management, Teacher Education, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


The purpose of this study was to develop a model of entrepreneurship curriculum at schools for child laborers. We used qualitative research method with grounded theory approach. Data were collected through 20 semi-structured interviews with professors selected by purposive sampling. Data were analyzed in three stages. A model including five dimensions, 12 main categories and 28 sub-categories was developed and validated by member check. Categories are as follows: Causal conditions (knowledge-based economy, entrepreneurial society, changing job nature, quick job access, dynamic job view, knowledge sharing, skills degradability). Underlying conditions (networking, intertwined intellectual capital, intertwined knowledge, integration). Interfering factors (acceptance of entrepreneurship, conspiracy theories, inappropriate political interference, crooked view towards entrepreneurship, prejudice against entrepreneurship of child laborers). Strategies (dynamic education, interdisciplinary education, school education, thematic education, one-dimensional education). Consequences (promotion of entrepreneurial thinking and attitude, conceptualization of entrepreneurship, productive thinking, multidimensional thinking, participation of child laborers, reduction of poverty, reduction of delinquency of child laborers). A comprehensive curriculum that covers all aspects of the field, environment, technology and information related to child laborers was identified as the central theme.


Main Subjects

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Volume 10, Issue 1
April 2022
Pages 100-120
  • Receive Date: 10 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 20 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 12 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 12 June 2022