Presenting a Model of Resilient Schools based on Grounded Theory.

Document Type : Qualitative Research Paper


1 Ph.D. student in Educational Administration، Isiamic Azad University Of Kermanshah، Kermanshah،Iran

2 Department of Educational Management, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran


Resilient schools are those that create conditions for students and teachers to be able to respond to the challenges of school and community and help them achieve educational goals in difficult conditions, by providing necessary space and educational facilities. Therefore, the present article aims in identifying dimensions and components of resilient schools in order to present a related model. In this regard, a qualitative method based on grounded theory approach is used. The statistical population of this research includes faculty members, psychology specialists, and school principals in Kurdistan province. Purposeful sampling method is used in order to select the sample based on the saturation rule by using sixteen interviews, and for more assurance, it is continued up to twenty interviews. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews and data analysis was done through open, axial and selective coding method. The findings indicate that causal conditions (development of students’ abilities, establishing proper communication with students, learning life skills and improving the status of teachers) through the central phenomenon (resilient schools) influence the strategies of achieving resilient schools. These strategies include making the educational environment happy, developing parents’ participation, providing extra-curricular activities, appropriateness of curriculum content, supporting teachers, making the curriculum content applicable, and instruction. Some intervening conditions (salary and benefits, recruitment and selection of human power and decentralization) as well as contextual conditions (facilities, leadership and teaching-learning processes) influence these strategies. Finally, the consequences of these strategies and their impact include mental health, self-awareness, cooperation, participation, and promotion of general health.


Volume 10, Issue 3
December 2022
Pages 61-81
  • Receive Date: 19 October 2022
  • Revise Date: 05 January 2023
  • Accept Date: 07 January 2023
  • First Publish Date: 07 January 2023