Document Type : Quantitative Research Paper
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.
Associate professor, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.
The study aimed to investigate effective accountability among public school administrators and identify a model for achieving it. A qualitative phenomenological research method was used, with an applied purpose. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 experts in the field of school principal accountability. Participants were selected using purpose-based sampling and saturation law principles. Qualitative data analysis involved three stages of open coding, axial coding, and selective coding, using stepwise methods and analytical techniques. Six inclusive themes emerged as constituting the effective response pattern of school administrators: financial dimension (major benefits, financial justification), moral dimension (ethicalism, education), cultural dimension (organizational culture, employee culture, culture society), administrative dimension (administrative structure, accountability process), strategic dimension (transformationism, responsive leadership), and educational dimension (organizational, individual). Overall, the study provides insight into how school administrators can be held accountable effectively.
Keywords: Effective Accountability, Schools, Managers, Qualitative Study.